The Port of Al-Qulzum and its Importance in the Light of the Arabic Papyri of the Period from the 1st Century to the 3rd Century A.H

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Tourist Guidance, Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

2 Tourist Guidence department , faculty of tourism and Hotels ,Mina university , Mina , Egypt

3 Department of Archeology and Civilization, Faculty of Arts, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt.


This research deal with reading and analysis an Arabic papyrus from the first to third century, which document some of aspects in the port of Qulzum in that time like the importance of Qulzum as commercial port in Islamic times since the beginning of the Arab conquest of Egypt , it was an ancient and important commercial port located on the northern tip of the Red Sea, and has become the main port of Egypt in the Red Sea, and the digging of the Gulf of Amir Al-Mu'mineen connecting between Fustat and Qulzum led to an increase in its importance as commercial center for internal and external trade, , and there was a shipbuilding house for the Islamic fleet in Qulzum, The research also deals with the importance of Arabic papyri in documenting the various aspects of Islamic civilization, and the port of Qulzum was highlighted and its importance was documented through the Arabic papyri and the information and content mentioned therein indicates the use of Qulzum as an important port and a home for shipbuilding and supplying the army and the fleet with soldiers and belongings.
One of the goals of the research was clarify the role and importance of Arabic papyri in documenting aspects of Islamic civilization, economic, and commercial information in the port of Qulzum.


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